Question types

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Contents


General

This page shows a visual overview of all available question types and it is meant as a starting point to get to detailed information about every question type.

By the way, the LimeSurvey download package includes a sample survey which includes all question types. You'll find it in your /docs/demosurveys-Directory - import it and test it out!

Hint: In LimeSurvey a survey consists of question groups which contain one or more question. So you have to create a question group first before you can add questions to your survey.

Subquestions

The concept of subquestions is new to LimeSurvey version 1.90 or later. Although subquestions existed before that in LimeSurvey they were named differently and were mostly covered by Label sets. With LimeSurvey 1.90 they are now clearly visible, definable, and logically structured.

An explanation of subquestions

Usually a question only has answers. But there are certain question types (like the Array question type) which are basically a subset of questions where each subquestion can be answered by the survey participant (often by using a predefined scale of answer options).

F AFL.png

A more complex example is the question type 'Array of texts' where the respondent has to enter values for combinations. In that case the value entered by the respondent is the 'answer' and the two scales on the array are two scales of subquestions.

SC MFT.png

Styling questions

It is possible to generally edit the question layout/design by using CSS. You can find more information at styling questions with CSS

Question types

Arrays

The Array question type (sometimes referred to as Array Multi Flexible) further extends the List question type. Using this question type a matrix can be displayed in which columns are represented by subquestion and the same answer options are shown for each row. The text of the question can be either a specific question or a description.

In terms of output there is no difference in how responses are stored compared to question type 'List(Radio). In both cases the given answer is stored in its separate column in the result table.

Beside the most flexible array types 'Array', 'Array (Text)' and 'Array (Numbers)' LimeSurvey also supports a number of convenience array types which have predefined answer options.

Array

<translate> An array allows you to create subquestions as your left hand headings along the y-axis of a table, and let your participants respond with a series of possible answer options using those subquestions along the y-axis of the table. Examples of uses for this type include multiple point choice scales and questions that require feedback on several aspects of a particular topic. </translate>

Find out more about the Array question type...

Array (5 point choice)

<translate>

An array type that is prefilled with answer choices on a 1 to 5 scale. A "No answer" answer option is automatically added if the question is not mandatory.

A-5 point.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the 5 point choice Array question type...

Array (10 point choice)

<translate> An array type that is prefilled with answer choices on a 1 to 10 scale. A "No answer" answer option is automatically added if the question is not mandatory.

B 10 point.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the 10 point choice Array question type...

Array (Yes/No/Uncertain)

<translate> An array type that is prefilled with answer choices "Yes", "No", and "Uncertain". You may also add a "No answer" choice if the question is not mandatory.

C YNU.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the Yes/No/Uncertain Array question type...

Array (Increase/Same/Decrease)

<translate> An array type that is prefilled with answer choices "Increase", "Same", and "Decrease". A "No answer" answer option is automatically added if the question is set to be not mandatory.

E ISD.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the Increase/Same/Decrease Array question type...

Array by column

<translate>

This question type is the same as an array, except the subquestion and answer axes are swapped.

H AFL BC.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the Array by column question type...

Array dual scale

<translate>

This type provides two scales of answer options for each subquestion.  A heading can be set for each scale using the advanced settings:

1 DSC.jpg

You can set a special question attribute to use this question type with dropdown boxes:

1 DSC DD.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the Array dual scale question type...

Array (Numbers)

<translate> This type allows a large array of numbered dropdown boxes with a set of subquestions as the "y-axis", and another set of subquestions as the "x-axis".

DP MFN.jpg

You can set a special question attribute to use this question type with checkboxes.

DP MFN CB.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the numbers Array question type...

Array (Text)

<translate> The Array (Text) question type allows for an array of text boxes with a set of subquestions as the "y-axis", and another set of subquestions as the "x-axis".

SC MFT.jpg


</translate>

Find out more about the text Array question type...

Mask questions

Due to a lack of better word we define all questions where the input of answers is predefined as 'mask questions'.

Date

<translate> This question type can be used to ask for a certain date, for a time or a combination of date and time. Dates and times can be entered directly, chosen from a popup calendar or from drop-down boxes. For validation, minimum and maximum dates can be chosen. Various date and time formats are supported. Some of these features are only available from LimeSurvey version 2.05+.

D Date DD.jpg Datetime.jpg Timepicker.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the Date question type...

File upload

The file upload question type (available in v1.91 or newer) can be used to collect file(s) from a user in response to a question. For example, a company with employment opportunities could use this question to request the candidate to submit/upload his resume as well as photograph and other scanned documents in the employment survey.

File-upload-screenshot.png

Find out more about the File upload question type...

Gender

This type collects gender information ("Male" or "Female") from the user.

G Gender.jpg

You may also add a "No answer" choice if the question is not mandatory.

Find out more about the Gender question type...

Language switch

This question type allows the user to change the language of the survey. In a dropdown box, users can choose between the languages in which the survey is available (base and additional languages).

Find out more about the Language switch question type...

Numerical input

This question types asks the survey participant to enter a single number.

N Num.jpg

Find out more about the Numerical Input question type...

Multiple numerical input

This question type is a variation on the "Numerical input" question type. It allows multiple text boxes to be created each of which can only be answered using numbers. Each text box corresponds to an subquestion, and the subquestion text becomes the label for the input.

K Multi Num.jpg

Find out more about the Multiple numerical input question type...

Ranking

This question type allows you to present your participants with a list of possible answers/options, which they may then rank in order of preference. Ranking example.jpg

Find out more about the Ranking question type...

Text display

This question type does not collect input from the user and simply displays text. It can be used to provide further instructions or a design break in the survey.
Please note that the text of this question can take html or javascript code, therefore it can also be used for other purposes.

X Boilerpl.jpg

Find out more about the Text display question type...

Yes/No

This type collects a response of "Yes" or "No" from the user.
Y YN.jpg

Find out more about the Yes/No question type...

Equation

<translate>

This question type lets the author create an equation (e.g. a calculation or tailored report) and save it in a database variable.  Equations can use any syntax supported by Expression Manager. If you are handling numeric values make sure that you use the advanced question setting 'Numbers only' as explained below. </translate>

Find out more about the Equation question type...

Multiple choice questions

Sometimes you want the participan to mark more than one answer option in the same question; this is achieved using checkboxes.

Multiple choice

This question type can collect input of multiple selections through checkboxes.
M multiple options.png

Find out more about the Multiple choice question type...

Multiple choice with comments

This question type can collect input of multiple selections through checkboxes, while allowing the user to provide additional comments with their submissions.
P multiple options with comment.png

Find out more about the Multiple choice with comments question type...

Single choice questions

Single choice questions are those where the participant can only pick a single predefined answer option.

5 point choice

This question shows a vertical 1 to 5 scale where the participant may select one answer option at a time.

5 List.jpg

Find out more about the 5 point choice question type...

List (Dropdown)

This question type collects input from a dropdown menu. You can also create subcategories within this list by using the advanced setting 'Category separator'.
EM ListR.png

Find out more about the List Dropdown question type...

List (Radio)

This question type collects input from a list of radio buttons.
L ListR.png

Find out more about the List Radio question type...

List with comment

This question type displays a list of radio buttons, while allowing the participants to provide a additional comment with their submission.
O ListComment.jpg

Find out more about the List with comment question type...

Text questions

LimeSurvey provides a number of possible variations of the standard text field. All of these can be defined further using the Advanced question settings which permit to restrict the number of characters as well as the size of the field.

Furthermore text input can be validated by Using regular expressions.

Short free text

This question type collects a single line of text input. S ST.jpg

Find out more about the Short free text question type...

Long free text

<translate>

This question type collects multiple lines of text input.

T LT.jpg

</translate>

Find out more about the Long free text question type...

Huge free text

This question type collect multiple lines of text input, and is wider than the long free text type.
U UFT.jpg

Find out more about the Huge free text question type...

Multiple short text

This question type is a variation on the "Short Text" question type which allows more than one text entry per question. The user first defines the question and can then add additional text boxes by adding 'Answers'. Each answer becomes the label of the new text box.
Q MST.jpg Find out more about the Multiple short text question type...