Loại câu hỏi - Mảng

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Mô tả ngắn

Một mảng cho phép bạn tạo một tập hợp subquestions. Mỗi người trong số họ sử dụng cùng một bộ tùy chọn trả lời. Ví dụ: bạn có thể sử dụng loại câu hỏi này khi cần phản hồi về một số khía cạnh của một sản phẩm cụ thể.

Video hướng dẫn

Để hiểu cách hoạt động của các câu hỏi kiểu mảng, hãy xem video hướng dẫn sau đây.

Mô tả chung

Trong ví dụ bên dưới, loại câu hỏi mảng được sử dụng để xếp hạng bốn phim khoa học viễn tưởng:

Ví dụ: Question type - Array using flexible

Một tùy chọn khác có sẵn là Khác biệt ngữ nghĩa. Bạn phải chọn Mảng hoặc Mảng (lựa chọn 5 điểm) làm loại câu hỏi để chia câu trả lời bằng cách sử dụng ký tự ống "|" - câu trả lời nào ở bên trái và câu trả lời nào ở bên phải của mảng. Ví dụ: Nếu bạn muốn có 'Tốt' ở bên trái hàng và 'Ác' ở bên phải hàng, chỉ cần viết 'Thiện|Ác' vào trường câu trả lời:

Ví dụ: Question type - Array - Semantic Differential Question

Gợi ý: Nếu bạn sử dụng Windows và bạn không biết Pipe Char nằm ở đâu trên bàn phím, bạn có thể nhập nó bằng cách nhấn và giữ phím Alt, nhập 124 và thả phím Alt.

Tùy chọn chung

QS:Bắt buộc

QS:Sự liên quan

Hiển thị

(Sub)question width (subquestion_width)


This value sets the subquestion column width by using a percentage system. For example, if you set this to value 60, then 60 percent of the question width will be used for the subquestion text (the most left column). The remaining width will be equally divided between the answer options.

Valid values

  • Any integer value from 1 to 100.

Random answer order (random_order)


  Deprecated for Answer Options : As of 5.5.0, this attribute is not longer used for ordering answer options. Please see QS:Answer_order

This attribute causes LimeSurvey to ignore the existing order of answer options/subquestions, and instead it orders them randomly. This option permits the survey creator to diminish the survey bias. Please note that if a question has subquestions, the order of subquestions will be randomized, not the order of the answer options.

Available options

  • Yes - Randomize when participant enters survey
  • No (default)

QS:Lặp lại headers

QS:Câu hỏi theme

QS:Ẩn tip


CSS class (css_class)


If you want to add special CSS classes to certain questions, you can enter the CSS class name(s) in this box. Make sure you leave an empty space between different class names.

Valid values

  • Any text string with a space between different CSS class names.
 Hint: You can also insert an expression in this box (New in 3.0.0 ). Remember that the output of the expression will not be updated dynamically.

  According to the W3C, CSS class names can contain only the characters [a-zA-Z, and 0-9] and ISO 10646 characters U+00A1 and higher, plus the hyphen (-) and the underscore (_). They cannot start with a digit, or a hyphen followed by a digit. LimeSurvey encodes CSS classes, but it does not fix it totally.

Use dropdown boxes (use_dropdown)


If this function is enabled, the answer options layout will use dropdown boxes instead of radio buttons.

Available options

  • On - dropdown boxes are used.
  • Off (default) - radio buttons are used.

Relevance help for printable survey (printable_survey_relevance_help)


If you wish to print a survey, you can also print the relevance equations for each question. But, if you wish to offer instead an explanation rather than the expression on the printed form, fill in this box with the text explanation for the relevance equation.

Valid values

  • Any text and/or numbers you wish to be displayed on the printable form.

Lý luận

Minimum answers (min_answers)


This function can be used to ensure that a user selects at least a certain number of answers in a multiple choice question.

Valid values

  • Any integer value above 0
  • Any number
  • Any SGQA code
  • Any question code (variable name)
  • Any equation, using ExpressionScript syntax, without surrounding curly braces.


If set to X (a random number), the users can submit the survey form if they select at least X checkboxes. If this option is utilised for ranking questions, this ensures that at least three items are ranked before allowing the respondent to submit the answers/survey.

Please note that if you use this attribute with Ranking questions, you have to set the question to non-mandatory. Otherwise, all the items need to be ranked which is counter-intuitive if you decide to use the min_answers function too.

Maximum answers (max_answers)


It can be used to limit the total number of answers a user can select in a multiple choice question.

Valid values

  • Any number value
  • Any SGQA code
  • Any question code (variable name)
  • Any equation, using ExpressionScript syntax, without surrounding curly braces.


If set to 2, the user will only be able to check at most two checkboxes or one checkbox + fill the "Other" field (if any). For the Ranking question type, the participant would be able to select maximum two items.

QS:Mảng filter

QS:Mảng filter style

QS:Mảng filter exclude

Exclusive option (exclusive_option)


The exclusive option attribute takes the code of an answer in a multiple option question so that when clicked on its corresponding checkbox, all the other previously checked options will get unchecked and get marked as read-only (=disabled). This function was created to ensure the data integrity when one of the multiple options in a multiple option question implies that no other option can be selected too. Basically, this feature marks the other attributes as being irrelevant.

It is also possible to have multiple exclusive options. These must be separated by semicolons.


For a short explanation on answer codes, check first the following wiki section. Once understood, introduce the "AnswerCode" that will trigger the function once selected.

Below, you may see an example where the exclusive option attribute is used.

You can see in the first screenshot that some non-LimeSurvey options are selected:

If you click on the marked option (which is entered in the exclusive option box), the other options will get unmarked and disabled, being left only with the current option checked:

To take a closer look at our example, import the .lsq file into your LimeSurvey installation:

File:Example exclusive option

Randomization group name (random_group)


It places the questions into a specified randomization group, all questions included in the specified group being displayed in a random order to the survey respondents.

You can find a sample survey using randomization group name in ExpressionScript sample survey.

Valid values

Just enter any string you like (for example: 'group1'). All question which have set the same string within the randomization group name box will have their place in the survey randomized (=randomly exchanged among each other).

Preview To preview the questions use the preview survey instead of the preview question group function, as the second has been reported to not show the questions in a randomized order.

Question validation equation (em_validation_q)


This is an equation that is used to validate the entire question (e.g, all of its parts collectively for a multi-answer question). If the question fails the validation criteria, then em_validation_q_tip message will be displayed (it uses the CSS style .error). This tip uses the .em_q_fn_validation CSS style, which is hidden by default within template.css.

The main difference between this feature and the subquestion validation equations (em_validation_sq option) is that for this feature, if the question (or question parts) fail validation, then an error message could be shown. For the subquestion validation, each text entry cell (e.g., in an array question type, but it can also be applied to single entry question types) will be styled so that the background color is (light) red.

Valid values

  • Any equation that makes use of the ExpressionScript syntax, without surrounding curly braces.


  • You want to collect demographic information from users via a multiple short text question, and you want to validate that the user has entered a valid email address and phone number.

This example shows how the question looks with invalid answers:

And here is what it looks like with one invalid answer:

Here is how you edit a question to enter that information:

And here is part of the Show Logic File output that lets you check the accuracy of your expression and ensure that there are no syntax errors:

As you can see, the validation equation tests that both the email and phone number are either empty or match a regular expression filter.

The validation tip only shows the warning message if the phone or email appears invalid.

 Hint: In order to create complex validation messages, read about the usage of the ExpressionScript.

If you wish to import the example from above into your LimeSurvey installation, download the following .lsq file:

 Hint: Remember, LimeSuvey uses the Perl syntax for regular expressions, so they should start and end with / (slash character)!

Tip for whole question validation equation (em_validation_q_tip)


If you are using the question validation equation, you can use this box in order to display an optional message as question tip on how the question has to be filled out.

Valid values


See the example from the question validation equation wiki section- it shows how the tip can be tailored to show which parts of a multiple short text question fail the validation criteria.


QS:Ngắt trang

SPSS export scale type (scale_export)


This is used for SPSS export only. This attribute overrides the default scale guessed by SPSS. To learn what the different measurement scales do, please read the related SPSS documentation.

Available options

  • Default (default)
  • Nominal
  • Ordinal
  • Scale

Thống kê

Show in public statistics (public_statistics)


This attribute allows the survey administrator to chose if a particular question results should be displayed to the survey participants after they submitted the survey.

Note: To have the statistics displayed on the last page, do not forget to enable this functionality from the presentation & navigation settings. Otherwise, no statistics link will be displayed at the end of your survey.

The default setting for each question is 'Off' (=Do not show the question statistics to the respondents). You have to enable this for every single question if you want to show the survey statistics of that (those) particular question(s) to the survey participants after the survey submission.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)

Display chart (display_chart)


This attribute allows the survey administrator to choose if a chart that contains the question results should be displayed to the survey participants after they filled out the survey.

Note: To have the chart displayed on the last page, you have to enable the following options:

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)

Chart type (chart_type)


This attribute allows the survey administrator to choose which type of chart will be displayed to the respondent once he/she finished filling out the survey.

Note: Do not forget to change the question and survey settings in order to have the charts displayed at the end on the survey. For more details, check the wiki section on the display chart question attribute.

Available options

  • Bar chart
  • Pie chart
  • Radar
  • Line
  • PolarArea
  • Doughnut

Danh mục:Loại câu hỏiDanh mục:Mảng