From LimeSurvey Manual
- 1 General
- 2 Subquestions
- 3 Styling questions
- 4 Question types
- 4.1 Arrays
- 4.2 Mask questions
- 4.3 Multiple choice questions
- 4.4 Single choice questions
- 4.5 Text questions
This page shows a visual overview of all available question types and it is meant as a starting point to get to detailed information about every question type.
By the way, the LimeSurvey download package includes a sample survey which includes all question types. You'll find it in your /docs/demosurveys-Directory - import it and test it out!
The concept of subquestions is new to LimeSurvey version 1.90 or later. Although subquestions existed before that in LimeSurvey they were named differently and were mostly covered by Label sets. With LimeSurvey 1.90 they are now clearly visible, definable, and logically structured.
An explanation of subquestions
Usually a question only has answers. But there are certain question types (like the Array question type) which are basically a subset of questions where each subquestion can be answered by the survey participant (often by using a predefined scale of answer options).
A more complex example is the question type 'Array of texts' where the respondent has to enter values for combinations. In that case the value entered by the respondent is the 'answer' and the two scales on the array are two scales of subquestions.
It is possible to generally edit the question layout/design by using CSS. You can find more information at styling questions with CSS
The Array question type (sometimes referred to as Array Multi Flexible) further extends the List question type. Using this question type a matrix can be displayed in which columns are represented by subquestion and the same answer options are shown for each row. The text of the question can be either a specific question or a description.
In terms of output there is no difference in how responses are stored compared to question type 'List(Radio). In both cases the given answer is stored in its separate column in the result table.
Beside the most flexible array types 'Array', 'Array (Text)' and 'Array (Numbers)' LimeSurvey also supports a number of convenience array types which have predefined answer options.
<translate> An array allows you to create subquestions as your left hand headings along the y-axis of a table, and let your participants respond with a series of possible answer options using those subquestions along the y-axis of the table. Examples of uses for this type include multiple point choice scales and questions that require feedback on several aspects of a particular topic. </translate>
Array (5 point choice)
An array type that is prefilled with answer choices on a 1 to 5 scale. A "No answer" answer option is automatically added if the question is not mandatory.
Array (10 point choice)
<translate> An array type that is prefilled with answer choices on a 1 to 10 scale. A "No answer" answer option is automatically added if the question is not mandatory.
<translate> An array type that is prefilled with answer choices "Yes", "No", and "Uncertain". You may also add a "No answer" choice if the question is not mandatory.
<translate> An array type that is prefilled with answer choices "Increase", "Same", and "Decrease". A "No answer" answer option is automatically added if the question is set to be not mandatory.
Array by column
This question type is the same as an array, except the subquestion and answer axes are swapped.
Array dual scale
This type provides two scales of answer options for each subquestion. A heading can be set for each scale using the advanced settings:
You can set a special question attribute to use this question type with dropdown boxes:
<translate> This type allows a large array of numbered dropdown boxes with a set of subquestions as the "y-axis", and another set of subquestions as the "x-axis".
You can set a special question attribute to use this question type with checkboxes.
<translate> The Array (Text) question type allows for an array of text boxes with a set of subquestions as the "y-axis", and another set of subquestions as the "x-axis".
Due to a lack of better word we define all questions where the input of answers is predefined as 'mask questions'.
<translate> This question type can be used to ask for a certain date, for a time or a combination of date and time. Dates and times can be entered directly, chosen from a popup calendar or from drop-down boxes. For validation, minimum and maximum dates can be chosen. Various date and time formats are supported. Some of these features are only available from LimeSurvey version 2.05+.
Find out more about the Date question type...
The file upload question type (available in v1.91 or newer) can be used to collect file(s) from a user in response to a question. For example, a company with employment opportunities could use this question to request the candidate to submit/upload his resume as well as photograph and other scanned documents in the employment survey.
This type collects gender information ("Male" or "Female") from the user.
You may also add a "No answer" choice if the question is not mandatory.
This question type allows the user to change the language of the survey. In a dropdown box, users can choose between the languages in which the survey is available (base and additional languages).
This question types asks the survey participant to enter a single number.
Multiple numerical input
This question type is a variation on the "Numerical input" question type. It allows multiple text boxes to be created each of which can only be answered using numbers. Each text box corresponds to an subquestion, and the subquestion text becomes the label for the input.
This question type does not collect input from the user and simply displays text. It can be used to provide further instructions or a design break in the survey.
This question type lets the author create an equation (e.g. a calculation or tailored report) and save it in a database variable. Equations can use any syntax supported by Expression Manager. If you are handling numeric values make sure that you use the advanced question setting 'Numbers only' as explained below. </translate>
Multiple choice questions
Sometimes you want the participan to mark more than one answer option in the same question; this is achieved using checkboxes.
Multiple choice with comments
Single choice questions
Single choice questions are those where the participant can only pick a single predefined answer option.
5 point choice
This question shows a vertical 1 to 5 scale where the participant may select one answer option at a time.
List with comment
LimeSurvey provides a number of possible variations of the standard text field. All of these can be defined further using the Advanced question settings which permit to restrict the number of characters as well as the size of the field.
Furthermore text input can be validated by Using regular expressions.
Short free text
This question type collects a single line of text input.
Long free text
This question type collects multiple lines of text input.
Huge free text
Multiple short text
This question type is a variation on the "Short Text" question type which allows more than one text entry per question. The user first defines the question and can then add additional text boxes by adding 'Answers'. Each answer becomes the label of the new text box.
Find out more about the Multiple short text question type...