Zentrale Teilnehmerdatenbank

From LimeSurvey Manual

This page is a translated version of the page Central Participant Database and the translation is 39% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
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To access this option: Configuration -> Central Participant Database:

Central participants database.png

This feature allows the administrator to store the participant information into a central table that is independent of any survey participants table. Its major advantages are:

  • The central table acts as a backup. In the case in which a user creates a new survey, he does not have to go through the trouble of exporting its participants to a CSV file and then importing them back into a new survey.
  • Users need only to add the participants to the central table. Then, the same participants can be added to as many surveys as the user wants.
  • In case multiple users have access to a LimeSurvey installation, its owner(s) can choose to share his participants with other users and also set access rights for the shared users.

You may also find in your LimeSurvey installation an advanced attribute control and several other features.

Die Teilnehmerpanel Management Werkzeuge

The following options are available:


Zeige die Teilnehmertabelle

This is the main component of this panel. The great majority of options can be accessed from here, such as adding, deleting, exporting, adding participants to surveys, and so on.

Die Erklärung des Bildschirmfotos:


Before getting access to the options mentioned above, you need to have users listed in your database. To create them, click on the Add new participant button, located in the upper-right part of the window.

Teilnehmer hinzufügen

Mit Hilfe des Pluszeichens kann man neue Teilnehmer hinzufügen. Um den hinzugefügten Teilnehmer zu bearbeiten,

muss man auf den Teilnehmer doppelklicken und nach dem Bearbeiten Enter drücken. Wenn Veränderungen vorgenommen wurden, werden diese auf dem Server gespeichert.

A dialog box with the following basic attributes will then appear:


Custom attributes can be added. For further details, see the attributes and examples sections.

Edit participant

To edit the basic and/or custom attributes of a participant, click on the first button (from left to right) located in the Action column (Edit participant CPDB.png). A window with all the available attributes will be displayed.


You can easily delete one or multiple participants:

  • If you want to delete one participant, go to the row where the respective participant is located and click on the red bin button: Delete participant CPDB.png.
  • If you want to delete two or more participants, click on the Selected participant(s)... button (under the last row, below the Action column) after you selected the corresponding entries: Select participants CPDB.png. Then, click on the delete option.

When you delete the participant(s), three options are available to you:


1) Delete only from the central panel: The first option deletes the participant from the central participant database only. If the participant is in any survey participants table, he/she will not be removed.

2 Lösche die Teilnehmer aus dem zentralen Panel und aus den Tokentabellen

3 Lösche die Teilnehmer aus dem zentralen Panel, aus den Tokentabellen und alle Antworten des Benutzers

  Attention : Please note that in all the three scenarios, the links created for the purpose of maintaining a participant's history are also deleted.

Share participant

This is another important feature of the Central Participant Database. You can share your participants with other users. You just have to select the participant(s) you want to share and click either on the green right-arrow icon (Share participate CPDB.png) or on the Selected participant(s)... button situated in the bottom left part of the participants table. A modal box will open up which will allow you to select the user with whom you want to share the respective participant(s). You can also set whether the user who shares your participant can edit those participants. If you set it to No, they will get an access denied error when trying to edit the entries of the shared participant.


Dies lädt die Tabellen neu vom Server herunter.

If you click on the next icon (List active surveys CPDB.png), all the active surveys where the respective participant has been added to will be listed.

Nach CSV exportieren

Adding a participant to a survey can be done by clicking on the last icon (Add participant to survey CPDB.png) from the Action column. If you wish to add more than one participant to a survey, mark them and select the Share option from the Selected participant(s)... dialog box (located in the bottom-left part of the central table).


Help.png Please note that if you wish to add participants from the central database to a survey, the respective survey needs to contain a survey participants table! For further details, please continue reading the following wiki section.

The title of the dialog box will show you the number of participants that are going to be added to the respective survey. Besides that, there is also a checkbox, that if checked, it will take you to the survey participants table of the survey to which you are adding the participants to.

Der Titel der Dialogbox zeigt an, wie viele Teilnehmer exportiert werden.

The attribute map page contains four tables and uses an advanced drag-and-drop functionality:


  • The first table, Unmapped participant attributes, shows all the attributes that are present in the central participant database. They are currently unmapped - not present in the survey participants table. These unmapped attributes can either be moved into the Token attributes to create table which creates new attributes in the survey participants table or they can be merged with the existing token attributes by dragging the unmapped attributes into the Existing token attributes table, besides the existing token attribute you wish to be merged with.
  • The second table, Token attributes to create, helps you copy unmapped participant attributes into the survey participants table, creating new columns. Drag the attribute(s) you wish to add to the survey participants table and drop them into the second table. In this way, new columns/attributes will be added to the survey participants table.
  • The third table, Existing token attributes, displays the current attributes existing in the survey participants table. Drop the unmapped attributes here if you wish to copy the data from the unmapped attributes into the one of the existing token attributes (see screenshot below)
  • The fourth table, the Standard token fields, displays the standard token fields that can be merged with unmapped participant attributes. The only standard token field from a survey participants table that can be edited is the Token one. This is important when you wish, for example, to easily copy token codes across different LimeSurvey installations.

Attributemaps test.png

Help.png You can also overwrite the existing token attribute values from the survey participants table if a participant already exists. Use this option cautiously in order not to lose any important data on survey respondents.

After you have mapped all the attributes, you can click on the Continue button. After processing the participants, a summary page will show up, telling you how many participants were successfully copied. If you have previously asked for redirection, you will be redirected to the survey participants table, otherwise you will be redirected to the CPDB main page.



It displays some CPDB stats:


1) Total participants in central table : The total number of participants located in the central participant database.

2) Participants owned by you : It shows the total number of participants that have you as a owner. By default, the new participants entered into the central participant database have as owner the user that firstly added them to it.

3 Teilnehmer, die mit Ihnen geteilt wurden.

4 Teilnehmer, die Sie geteilt haben

5 Teilnehmer auf der Blacklist

6 Alle Eigenschaften der zentralen Datenbank

Im Drop Down Menü kann man die Anzahl der zu ladenden Einträge auswählen, und mit den Navigationstasten kann man durch die Seiten blättern. Man kann natürlich auch das Textfeld benutzen, um auf eine bestimmte Seite zu springen. Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Anzahl Seiten sich verkleinern wird, wenn Sie die Anzahl pro Seite sichtbarer Einträge erhöhen. Auch ist das Suchen und das Sortieren unabhängig davon, wie viele Einträge in der Tabelle angezeigt werden, aber in der ganzen zentralen Datenbank gesucht, beziehungsweise sortiert werden.

If you wish to add participants via the import function, click on the Import button that is located on the main toolbar of the Central participant database page: ImportCSV.png

The following options are available:

Import CSV CPDB.png

Teilnehmer teilen

Schritte zum Import

1) Select a file to import and specify the settings associated to it.

2) Map the attributes from the CSV file. Import the attribute data either into an existing attribute from the central participant database or into a new column by creating a new attribute. The newly created attribute will be of text box type - the format can be changed later.


In the screenshot from above, a new attribute called "New Age" will be created. The data from attribute "Sex" was mapped and copied into the existent "Sex" attribute from the central participant database.

3) Click continue, and wait for the process to be done. At the end of it, a short summary will be displayed.


Clicking ok will redirect you to the participants screen, showing you the newly imported participants.

Blacklist settings

The Blacklist settings button is available on the main toolbar of the Central participant database page. Once you click on it, the following page will be loaded:

CPDB Blacklist settings panel.png

The following Yes/No options are available:

  • Blacklist all current surveys for participant once the global field is set: If set to Yes, the blacklisted participant(s) cannot be added to any survey.
  • Blacklist participant for any new added survey once the global field is set: If new surveys are created, the respective participant(s) cannot be added to them (if Yes is picked up). However, he can still be added to those surveys created earlier.
  • Allow blacklisted participants to be added to a survey: Even if a participant is blacklisted, he can still be added to a survey.
  • Hide blacklisted participants: Useful function when you would like to hide participant for a specific amount of time and then make them available for the rest of users with whom those blacklisted participants have been shared with.
  • Delete globally blacklisted participants from the database: If Yes, the blacklisted participants will be deleted from the database.
  • Allow participant to un-blacklist himself/herself: If Yes, a participant can un-blacklist himself without the help of a LimeSurvey user.


To access the Attributes management panel, click on the Attributes button located on the main toolbar of CPDB main page: Attributes management icon.png


Die Spaltenkontrolle im Tokensystem erlaubt es Ihnen nur, Spalten des Typs "Text" hinzuzufügen, was die Komplexität reduziert. Wenn aber eine grosse Anzahl von Spaltenwerten hinzugefügt werden muss, wird es mühsam, immer dieselben Werte zu schreiben. (Zum Beispiel immer wieder "männlich") Um dieses Problem zu überdecken, haben wir drei unterschiedliche Spaltentypen eingeführt:


When adding a new attribute, the following options are available:

  • Defaultname: It will be used by LimeSurvey to name the attribute in case no other English name is provided.
  • Attribute type: You can choose either of the attribute types and the associated user interface will be presented to you while editing.
  • Should this attribute be visible on the panel?: It can be Yes or No. This function determines whether the attribute is visible in the CPDB table or not. This can be later edited from the Visible column that is located in the main attributes table.
  • Languages: If you would like LimeSurvey not to use the defaultname as the name of the attribute, type here the desired name. Please note that the attribute management has multilingual support. Click on the plus sign after you have selected the language. A new field will appear below the English/default language.

Once the changes are done, click on the Save button.

Help.png We recommend you to write the name of the attribute in the corresponding language box even if you use only one language (the base language). The reason for this is that when you map attributes and you wish to add them to different survey participants table, the defaultname of the attribute is not displayed in the respective panel - only the name you give in the corresponding language box is shown.

In the attributes table, two actions are available (see the Action column):

Action table attribute management.png

If you click on the first icon, a dialog box will show up. It includes the basic settings of the selected attribute that can be edited according to your needs.

Um die Werte zu löschen, klickt man auf den Löschbutton, der sich neben dem Editierbutton befindet. Der Löschbutton löscht nicht nur die Spalten, sondern auch die mit den Spalten verbundenen Werte.

Das "Teilen"-Panel

The share panel shows all the information related to the shared participants. Please note that this panel shows only the shared participants owned by that particular user.


Dieses Panel zeigt Werte wie:

2 Nachname

1 Vorname

3 E-Mail

4 Geteilt mit

5 Besitzer

6 Das Datum, als der Benutzer hinzugefügt wurde

7 Darf bearbeitet werden

All this information is for viewing/sorting purposes. Only the Can Edit field is editable for the user. The Can edit field determines whether to allow the respective participant to be editable by the user with whom that participant was shared with or not. Just clicking on the check box will make an AJAX call and save the changes on the server.

Export participants

The export function is located on the main toolbar of the Central participant database page: Export CPDB.png

When exporting to CSV, you are presented with a dialog box that asks you to mark the attributes you wish to export.

You can export:

  • None of the additional attributes
  • All the additional attributes
  • Certain additional attributes


The format of the exported file will be CSV.

Export filtered participants

To export filtered participants, use first the search filters. Then. click on the checkbox located on the left side of the Action column (to select all the filtered participants). Then, click on the Selected participant(s)... button located at the bottom-right side of the table and select the export function. In this way, only the filtered participants will be exported.

Search filters

If you wish to filter the users from your database, use the search/dropdown boxes located below each column title:

CPDB Filtered search.png

You may type a string of characters according to which you wish to filter our the participants or select from the dropdown lists (when possible) the participants you wish to be listed after the filtering process.

Zusätzliche Informationen

Additional (technical) information is available in the Central participants database (User panel) Development wiki.