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Fragentyp - Reihenfolge (Ranking)

From LimeSurvey Manual

Revision as of 21:40, 4 April 2019 by FuzzyBot (talk | contribs) (Updating to match new version of source page)
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Kurzbeschreibung

Mit diesem Fragetyp können Sie Ihren Umfrageteilnehmern eine Liste möglicher Antworten / Optionen anzeigen, die sie dann selbst einer von ihnen gewählten Reihenfolge unterwerfen können.


Die Frage wird den Umfrageteilnehmern wie folgt dargestellt:

Ranking example.jpg


Eine Beispieldatei kann hier als ZIP-Datei heruntergeladen werden.

Basis-Einstellungen


Pflichtangabe

Beschreibung:

Mit dieser Option wird festgelgt, ob eine bestimmte Frage von Umfrageteilnehmern zum Fortfahren beantwortet werden muss. Müssen nur bestimmte Unterfragen beantwortet werden, verwenden Sie das Attribut minimale Antwort in der Registerkarte Logik (nur bei Matrix- oder Mehrfachauswahlfragen).


Help.pngIf you use any of the preinstalled themes and the mandatory question attribute is enabled, a red asterisk will be shown next to the question. If you wish to hide it, please check these instructions.


Verfügbare Optionen:

  • An
  • Aus (Standardwert)


Important.png
  Enabling the mandatory attribute in a ranking question type forces your respondents to assess all the answer options. If you wish to make your respondents rank a minimum and/or maximum number answer options, use the minimum answers and maximum answers question attributes to set the lower and upper limits.


Relevanz-Gleichung

Beschreibung:

Ist das Ergebnis einer Relevanz-Gleichung 1 oder wahr, ist die Frage im Umfragekontext relevant. Dies bedeutet, dass Sie den Umfrageteilnehmern angezeigt ist. Eine Relevanz-Gleichung kann für jede Frage einer Umfrage angegeben werden.

Syntax-Hervorhebung:

Wenn Sie die Relevanz-Gleichung speichern, wird sie ausgewertet und die Syntax hervorgehoben. Fehler werden farblich gekennzeichnet, damit Sie sie schnell erkennen und beheben können.

Notice.png
 Hint: Um zu überprüfen, ob alle Relevanz-Gleichungen in Ihrer Umfrage korrekt funktionieren, lesen Sie unsere Funktion Umfrage Logikdatei.


Gültige Werte:

Beispiel

Hier finden Sie Beispiele für die Syntax-Hervorhebung (derzeit nur auf Englisch).


Erweiterte Einstellungen


Question theme (question_theme)

Description

It allows you to use customized themes for the respective question.

Available options

  • Your created question themes which are located under the Question themes in the Themes panel.
Help.png Note: This feature is under development at the moment.


Hinweis verstecken

Beschreibung

Die meisten Fragen zeigen in der Regel einen Hinweis, wie „Bitte wählen Sie eine der folgenden Optionen“ oder einen ähnlichen Hinweistext, wie man die Frage ausfüllen soll. Mit dieser Einstellung können Sie diese Tipps/Hinweise ausschalten.

Diese Tipps/Hinweise enthalten Meldungen zu Validierungskriterien (wie z.B. min/max Anzahl der Antworten, min/max/gleicher Summenwert). Wenn die Einstellung aktiviert ist, werden diese Meldungen ausgeblendet. Wenn der Benutzer jedoch ungültige Daten eingibt, erscheinen die Tipps. Sie werden rot eingefärbt und auf grün geändert, sobald die Validierungskriterien erfüllt sind.

Verfügbare Optionen

  • An - Tipps/Hinweise werden versteckt
  • Aus (Standard).


Other languages:
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Zufällige Antwortreihenfolge (random_order)

Beschreibung

Dieses Einstellung bewirkt, dass LimeSurvey die bestehende Reihenfolge der Antworten/Teilfragen dieser Frage ignoriert und durch eine zufällige Anordnung ersetzt. Die Anordnung der Antworten zu einer Frage wird momentan auch bei jedem Zurück- oder Vor-Navigieren vertauscht. Wenn ein Benutzer den Fragebogen durchgeht, findet er die also die Antworten nie in derselben Reihenfolge vor. Durch eine zufällige Verteilung soll gewährleistet werden, dass Benutzer keine Neigung/Tendenz zu einzelnen Antworten entwickeln können. Setzen Sie dies auf 'An' um es zu aktivieren. Bitte beachten Sie, dass wenn eine Frage Teilfragen hat, dann werden die Teilfragen randomisiert, nicht die Antwortoptionen.

Verfügbare Optionen

  • Bei jedem Laden der Seite neu setzen
  • Aus (Standard)

Example

See this example (outside link) to better understand how to use different LimeSurvey randomization features.


Diese Frage immer verstecken (hidden)

Beschreibung

If enabled, the question will always be hidden - it will not be displayed to the survey participants. This function can be used in the following scenarios:

Wenn Sie eine Frage per URL vorausfüllen kann diese Einstellung benutzt werden um die Frage und ihren Wert vor dem Teilnehmer vollständig zu verstecken. Dies überschreibt alle Bedingungen, weil die Frage nie in die Seite eingebunden wird. Wenn Sie nur eine Frage verstecken wollen, um etwa einen Wert zu speichern, der mit Javascript automatisch berechnet wird, benutzen Sie stattdessen Javascript im Quelltext der Frage.

Notice.png
 Hint: The question are not diplay in HTML, it can be set with an equation question or survey URL, but not in javascript

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)


CSS class (css_class)

Description

If you want to add special CSS classes to certain questions, you can enter the CSS class name(s) in this box. Make sure you leave an empty space between different class names.

Valid values

  • Any text string with a space between different CSS class names.
Notice.png
 Hint: You can also insert an expression in this box (New in 3.0.0 ). Remember that the output of the expression will not be updated dynamically.


Important.png
  According to the W3C, CSS class names can contain only the characters [a-zA-Z, and 0-9] and ISO 10646 characters U+00A1 and higher, plus the hyphen (-) and the underscore (_). They cannot start with a digit, or a hyphen followed by a digit. LimeSurvey encodes CSS classes, but it does not fix it totally.


Show javascript alert (showpopups)

Description

Show an alert if answers exceeds the number of max answers. Else just update the expression manager tip (show it in red).

Available options

  • On (default option)
  • Off


Same choice height (samechoiceheight)

Description

If this option is enabled, then all the answer options defined within this question type will have the same height. For example, the height of the answer options usually defer from each other if they contain images (unless the dimension is the same across all your answer options).

Available options

  • On (default value)
  • Off



Same list height (samelistheight)

Description

The ranking question type makes use of a choice list (where all the answer options are displayed) and of rank list (where the answer options are ranked). If this option is activated, both lists will have the same height.

Available options

  • On (default value)
  • Off



Relevance help for printable survey (printable_survey_relevance_help)

Description

If you wish to print a survey, you can also print the relevance equations for each question. But, if you wish to offer instead an explanation rather than the expression on the printed form, fill in this box with the text explanation for the relevance equation.

Valid values

  • Any text and/or numbers you wish to be displayed on the printable form.


Logic

Minimale Antwortanzahl (min_answers)

Beschreibung

Kann genutzt werden um sicherzustellen, dass ein Benutzer mindestens eine bestimmte Anzahl an Antworten einer Mehrfachauswahl wählt.

Gültige Werte

  • Irgendeine ganze Zahl größer als 0
  • Any integer value above 0
  • Any number
  • Any SGQA code
  • Any question code (variable name)
  • Any equation, using ExpressionScript syntax, without surrounding curly braces.

Beispiel

Wenn der Wert auf 3 gesetzt ist, kann der Benutzer die Umfrage nur abschicken, wenn er mindestens 3 Antworten gewählt hat. In Reihenfolgefragen wird dafür gesort, dass mindestens drei Einträge eingestuft werden. Bitte achten Sie darauf Reihenfolgefragen nicht als Pflichtfragen zu setzen, wenn dieses Attribut verwendet wird, weil bei einer Pflichtfrage alle Einträge geordnet werden müssen, was dem Sinn des Attributs widerspricht.

Help.png Please note that if you use this attribute with Ranking questions, you have to set the question to non-mandatory. Otherwise, all the items need to be ranked which is counter-intuitive if you decide to use the min_answers function too.


Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎日本語 • ‎Nederlands • ‎slovenščina

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Maximale Antworten (max_answers)

Beschreibung

Mit diesem Wert kann man beim Fragetyp "Mehrfachauswahl" die Anzahl der maximal möglichen Antworten festlegen.

Gültige Werte

  • Irgendeine Zahl
  • Any number value
  • Any SGQA code
  • Any question code (variable name)
  • Any equation, using ExpressionScript syntax, without surrounding curly braces.

Beispiel

Bei einem Wert von "2" darf der Benutzer maximal zwei Antworten auswählen oder eine Antwort und den Wert Sonstiges.


Maximum columns for answers (max_col_for_ans)

Description

This option limits the number of columns created in the database (more precisely, in the answers table). If you give a value lower than maximum answers option, then this attribute will represent the upper limit of the maximum choices a respondent can make.

Valid Values

  • Any positive numerical value
  • The default value is the total number of answer options your question contains. The number will be displayed after you activate for the first time the survey.



Matrix Filter (array_filter)

Beschreibung

The Array filter setting allows you to use any multiple choice question to select or set which responses are displayed in a subsequent list, array or multiple choice question.

The subsequent questions can be filtered on any array question type, including:
  • Multiple choice
  • Multiple choice with comments
  • Multiple short text
  • Multiple numeric
  • Array (5 point, 10 point, Yes/No/Unknown, Increase/Same/Decrease, Column)
  • Array (Dual Scale, Text, Numbers)
  • Ranking

Furthermore, each of these question types can be filtered.

The only exception is Array (Column), which can filter other questions, but not itself.

How to set a filter

To set a filter, enter the question code of a multiple options question in the array filter box of the question you are currently editing. The respective question will be used as the source of information for the current question, the selected answers from the previous question being retrieved and used as answer options for the current question. For example, if your source multiple option question code is "Q1", enter "Q1" into the 'Array Filter' box to start the filtering process of the answers. Only the answer options that are selected in question Q1 will be visible in the array_filter-ed question.

If you wish more questions to be filtered via this option, type the question codes in the box separated by semicolons (;).
Important.png
  The subquestion codes used in the first question must coincide with the subquestion codes from the second one. Otherwise, the array filter function will not filter the answers to the first question. Check the below example to better understand how the whole system works.

Kaskadierung

The selected options can be displayed in cascade. This means that you can select a question which filters another question, which filters another question, and so on.

Matrix Filter Beispiel

Let's take a look at the following example to better understand the power of this setting:


Array filter with multipe short text.jpg


In the screenshot from above, we got two questions. The first one is a multiple short text question type, while the second one is an array dual scale question type. The answers you provide in the first question will be listed in the second one. Technically, the answers you provide to the subquestions from the first question are filtered and displayed in the second question.

This example can be downloaded from the following link: limesurvey_group_32.lsg. Import this question group into your LimeSurvey installation.



Array exclusion filter (array_filter_exclude)

Beschreibung

The Array filter exclusion setting allows you to use any multiple choice question to select or set which responses are NOT displayed in a subsequent list, array or multiple choice question.

The subsequent questions can be filtered on any array question type, including:
  • Multiple choice
  • Multiple choice with comments
  • Multiple short text
  • Multiple numeric
  • Array (5 point, 10 point, Yes/No/Unknown, Increase/Same/Decrease, By column)
  • Array (Dual Scale, Text, Numbers)
  • Ranking

Außerdem kann jeder dieser Fragetypen an sich gefiltert werden.

The only exception is Array by column which can filter other questions, but it cannot be filtered.

How to set it up

Enter the question code of a multiple options question in the array exclusion filter box of the question you are currently editing. The respective question will be used as the source of information for the current question, the non-selected answers from the previous question being retrieved and used as answer options for the current question. For example, if your source multiple option question code is "Q1", enter "Q1" into the 'Array exclusion filter' box to start the filtering process of the answers. Only the answer options that are NOT selected in question Q1 will be visible in your question.

If you wish more questions to be filtered via this option, type the question codes in the box separated by semicolons (;).
Important.png
  The subquestion codes used in the first question must coincide with the subquestion codes from the second one. Otherwise, the array exclusion filter function will not filter the answers to the first question. Check the below example to better understand how the whole system works.

Cascading

The selected options can be displayed in cascade. This means that you can select a question which filters another question, which filters another question, and so on.

Beispiel

Let's see together the below example:


Example array filter exclude.png


In the screenshot from above, we got two questions. The first one is a multiple choice question type, while the second one is a multiple choice with comments question type. The answers you provide in the first question will be excluded from the second one. For example, if you select the ComfortUpdate option (that has the subquestion code 'SQ1') and the Plugin option ('SQ4'), the 'SQ1' and the 'SQ4' subquestion correspondents from the second question will be excluded. In our screenshot, we can observe that only the unselected options in the first question and displayed in the second one.

This example can be downloaded from the following link: Limesurvey_group_array_filter_exclude.zip. Import this question group into your LimeSurvey installation.


QS:Array filter style/de


Randomisierungsgruppenname (random_group)

Beschreibung

Ordne die Frage der angegebenen Randomisierungsgruppe zu. Alle Fragen in der gleichen Gruppe werden in einer zufälligen Reihenfolge erscheinen.

You can find a sample survey using randomization group name in ExpressionScript sample survey.

Gültige Werte

Geben Sie irgendeine Zeichenkette ein (zum Beispiel 'gruppe1'). Alle Fragen, die die gleiche Zeichenkette gesetzt haben, werden in der Umfrage jeweils zufällig durcheinander ausgetauscht.



Question validation equation (em_validation_q)

Description

This is an equation that is used to validate the entire question (e.g, all of its parts collectively for a multi-answer question). If the question fails the validation criteria, then em_validation_q_tip message will be displayed (it uses the CSS style .error). This tip uses the .em_q_fn_validation CSS style, which is hidden by default within template.css.

The main difference between this feature and the subquestion validation equations (em_validation_sq option) is that for this feature, if the question (or question parts) fail validation, then an error message could be shown. For the subquestion validation, each text entry cell (e.g., in an array question type, but it can also be applied to single entry question types) will be styled so that the background color is (light) red.

Valid values

  • Any equation that makes use of the ExpressionScript syntax, without surrounding curly braces.

Example

  • You want to collect demographic information from users via a multiple short text question, and you want to validate that the user has entered a valid email address and phone number.

This example shows how the question looks with invalid answers:

Validation-invalid-both.jpg

And here is what it looks like with one invalid answer:

Validation-invalid-phone.jpg

Here is how you edit a question to enter that information:

Validation-gui.jpg

And here is part of the Show Logic File output that lets you check the accuracy of your expression and ensure that there are no syntax errors:

Validation-logic.jpg

As you can see, the validation equation tests that both the email and phone number are either empty or match a regular expression filter.

The validation tip only shows the warning message if the phone or email appears invalid.

Notice.png
 Hint: In order to create complex validation messages, read about the usage of the ExpressionScript.


If you wish to import the example from above into your LimeSurvey installation, download the following .lsq file: Em_validation_q_example.zip.

Notice.png
 Hint: Remember, LimeSuvey uses the Perl syntax for regular expressions, so they should start and end with / (slash character)!



Tip for whole question validation equation (em_validation_q_tip)

Description

If you are using the question validation equation, you can use this box in order to display an optional message as question tip on how the question has to be filled out.

Valid values

Example

See the example from the question validation equation wiki section- it shows how the tip can be tailored to show which parts of a multiple short text question fail the validation criteria.


Other

Insert page break in printable view (page_break)

Beschreibung

This attribute is only active when you actually print a survey from the Printable View. It forces a page break before the question.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)



Choice header (choice_header)

Description

Type in the box the new name of the choice list header.

Valid values

  • If left empty, the header will be "Your choices" (default value)
  • Any characters



Rank header (rank_header)

Description

Type in the text box the new name of the ranking list header.

Valid values

  • If left empty, the header will be "Your ranking" (default value)
  • Any characters


Statistics

Zeige in öffentlicher Statistik (public_statistics)

Beschreibung

This attribute allows the survey administrator to chose if a particular question results should be displayed to the survey participants after they submitted the survey.

Help.png Note: To have the statistics displayed on the last page, do not forget to enable this functionality from the presentation & navigation settings. Otherwise, no statistics link will be displayed at the end of your survey.

The default setting for each question is 'Off' (=Do not show the question statistics to the respondents). You have to enable this for every single question if you want to show the survey statistics of that (those) particular question(s) to the survey participants after the survey submission.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)



Display chart (display_chart)

Description

This attribute allows the survey administrator to choose if a chart that contains the question results should be displayed to the survey participants after they filled out the survey.

Help.png Note: To have the chart displayed on the last page, you have to enable the following options:


Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)



Chart type (chart_type)

Description

This attribute allows the survey administrator to choose which type of chart will be displayed to the respondent once he/she finished filling out the survey.

Help.png Note: Do not forget to change the question and survey settings in order to have the charts displayed at the end on the survey. For more details, check the wiki section on the display chart question attribute.

Available options

  • Bar chart
  • Pie chart
  • Radar
  • Line
  • PolarArea
  • Doughnut