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Installationsanleitung - LimeSurvey CE

From LimeSurvey Manual

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Note: These installation instructions are for version 2.0 or later. Older instructions for 1.92 can be found here here

General

The LimeSurvey project offers two ways of installating LimeSurvey:

  • On your webserver:

+In that case just follow the instructions on this page starting with step 1.

  • On your local Windows PC:

+You usually only want to install LimeSurvey on your local PC if you want to create surveys locally (mainly for speed or test reasons) and upload them later to your live LimeSurvey installation on a web server. For this we have prepared a special package for LimeSurvey which includes the web server, the database and the LimeSurvey application and instructions how to install it.

1. Überprüfen sie, ob ihr Server die Mindestvoraussetzungen erfüllt

Make sure your server meets the following additional requirements. Most of these requirements will also be checked during the installation.

System-Voraussetzungen:

  • Minimum 80 MB freien Speicherplatz
  • Min. MySQL 4.1.0 oder min. Microsoft SQL Server 2005 oder min. Postgres 8.1
  • PHP 5.1.2 oder aktueller mit folgenden aktivierten Modulen:
    • mbstring (Multibyte String Functionen) Erweiterungsbibliothek (siehe Installations-FAQ (Englisch))
    • PDO Datenbanktreiber für MySQL (pdo_mysql oder pdo_mysqli) oder Postgres (pdo_pgsql) oder MSSQL (pdo_sqlsrv)
Notiz: LimeSurvey 2.x nutzt andere Datenbanktreiber als 1.x. Wenn Sie eine Meldung während der Installation bekommen, dass keine Datenbanktreiber gefunden wurden, kontaktieren Sie bitte Ihren Server-Administrator oder Provider und bitte Sie sie, diese Datenbanktreiber zu aktivieren.

Optionale PHP Erweiterungen:

In den meisten Fällen wird ihnen der Provider ihres Webspace zu diesem Thema weiterhelfen.

Wenn Sie LimeSurvey auf einem lokalen Rechner laufen lassen wollen, empfehlen wir XAMPP, ein Softwareparket welches auf einfache Weise einen komplette lokalen Webserver mit Apache, Mysql, PHP und Perl installiert. LimeSurvey läuft auf XAMPP ohne viel zu konfigurieren zu müssen.

If you want to run Microsoft's IIS server take a look at "Installation of LimeSurvey on a Windows XP machine" and "Installation on XP with IIS".

1.1 Hosting for LimeSurvey

LimeSurvey should work with most hosting companies which provide PHP and MYSQL. If you want a ready-installed version of LimeSurvey consider using LimeService, else check out our list of LimeSurvey-compatible hosting companies.

2. Download the LimeSurvey package

Download the latest stable LimeSurvey zip package (there are also gzip, bz2 and 7zip packages available for your convenience) and save it to your local disk.

3. Unpack the LimeSurvey package

Uncompress the zip file into a dedicated directory/folder using your preferred compression software. When you uncompress the file make sure that you uncompress the directory structure with the files (this is default behavior for most compression programs). The path name for the installation directory should not include ( or ) characters, but may include the space character

4. Collect information about your server

You will need to know the following things to install LimeSurvey on your web server correctly:

  • Your intended website URL where your scripts will reside (e.g: http://my.domain.com/limesurvey)
  • The physical disk location on your server where your scripts will reside (ie: /home/usr/htdocs/limesurvey)
  • The IP/net location of your database server (ie: localhost)
  • If your database server uses a non-standard port find out which port it is.
  • Your username and password for your database server
  • With most providers you can't let the script create the database but have to do it yourself.  If you are using such a provider please create a database (for example limesurvey) yourself.

5. Upload the files to your web server

Using your FTP program, connect to your web server and create a directory to store your scripts. Then upload the files using the directory structure they are in. Make sure you upload the files in binary mode (check the settings of your FTP program). Please note that uploading in ASCII mode can lead to uncommon errors (e.g. 'class not found' error during installation), also images may not be uploaded correctly.

7.1 Set Directory permissions

For the script to work properly it needs certain access to some directories - this applies especially to Linux/*nix systems.

  • The "/limesurvey/tmp" directory and all its subdirectories and files are used for imports & uploads and should be set to Read & Write for your webserver.
  • The "/limesurvey/upload/" directory and all its subdirectories and files must also have Read & Write for your webserver in order to enable picture and media files upload.
  • The "/limesurvey/application/config/" directory also needs Read & Write permissions for your webserver.
  • The other directories can be set to Read Only or in Linux/Unix. You may wish to set the permissions on each file within the /limesurvey/admin directory to Read Only.
Help.png Hint: If you are using Linux then depending on your webserver configuration you will have to chmod the rights on the writable folders to 755 or 777. Try 755 first - if it does not work 'upgrade' to 777.

7.2 Create a database user

LimeSurvey will create a database and the tables inside it. To be able to do this it will need the username and password of a database user. In general we recommend to create a database user with the following permissions:

- MySQL: SELECT, CREATE, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, ALTER, DROP, INDEX

- PostgreSQL: SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, TRUNCATE, TRIGGER

- Microsoft SQL Server:

8. Run the installation script

Go to "http://your.domain.com/limesurvey/admin". If you configured everything correctly the LimeSurvey installer should be starting - just follow the instructions. You will be asked if to create the database and/or create the tables inside the database. Limesurvey then creates the needed tables in the database.

9. Connect to the administration script for the first time

After the installer has finished you are done! Open your browser and enter the URL of your admin.php script. Assuming you used LimeSurvey as the directory name to store the files in, this will be something like "http://your.domain.com/limesurvey/admin/admin.php".

You should get a login screen. The default login credentials (if not changed during in the installation) are

User: admin

Password: password

You will be prompted to change the default password after you logged in. Have fun!

10. What if I have problems...

Like all computer programs, most of the time things will work just like the instructions say, but sometimes they just won't. There are too many possible reasons for things not going according to plan to describe here. If you have trouble, first check out the Installation FAQ. If you don't find your answer there please post your problem and any error messages in the LimeSurvey forums on limesurvey.org or join the IRC channel: