Actions

Fragetyp; Matrix (Zahlen)

From LimeSurvey Manual

This page is a translated version of the page Question type - Array (Numbers) and the translation is 57% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎日本語 • ‎Nederlands • ‎slovenščina

Kurzbeschreibung

Mit diesem Fragetyp kann eine Matrix mit nummerierten Dropdown-Boxen erstellt werden.


Die Frage wird wie folgt den Umfrageteilnehmern dargestellt:

DP MFN.jpg

Über das Attribut Anzeige als Ankreuzfelder in der Registerkarte Anzeige kann festgelegt werden, dass die Antwortoptionen als Kontrollkästchen angezeigt werden.


Die Frage wird wie folgt den Umfrageteilnehmern dargestellt:

DP MFN CB.jpg


Eine Beispieldatei für die Darstellung als Dropdown-Felder kann hier als ZIP-Datei heruntergeladen werden.

Eine Beispieldatei für die Darstellung mit Kontrollkästchen kann hier als ZIP-Datei heruntergeladen werden.

Basis-Einstellungen


Pflichtangabe

Beschreibung:

Mit dieser Option wird festgelgt, ob eine bestimmte Frage von Umfrageteilnehmern zum Fortfahren beantwortet werden muss. Müssen nur bestimmte Unterfragen beantwortet werden, verwenden Sie das Attribut minimale Antwort in der Registerkarte Logik (nur bei Matrix- oder Mehrfachauswahlfragen).

Verfügbare Optionen:

  • An
  • Aus (Standardwert)


Relevanz-Gleichung

Beschreibung:

Ist das Ergebnis einer Relevanz-Gleichung 1 oder wahr, ist die Frage im Umfragekontext relevant. Dies bedeutet, dass Sie den Umfrageteilnehmern angezeigt ist. Eine Relevanz-Gleichung kann für jede Frage einer Umfrage angegeben werden.

Syntax-Hervorhebung:

Wenn Sie die Relevanz-Gleichung speichern, wird sie ausgewertet und die Syntax hervorgehoben. Fehler werden farblich gekennzeichnet, damit Sie sie schnell erkennen und beheben können.

Notice.png
Hint: Um zu überprüfen, ob alle Relevanz-Gleichungen in Ihrer Umfrage korrekt funktionieren, lesen Sie unsere Funktion Umfrage Logikdatei.


Gültige Werte:

  • Jede Gleichung, die der Ausdrucksmanager - verwendet, ohne die geschweiften Klammern.

Beispiel

Hier finden Sie Beispielen für die Syntax-Hervorhebung (derzeit nur auf Englisch).



Validation (using regular expressions) (preg_validation)

Beschreibung

This option lets you specify a regular expression with which you can validate all the parts of a question.

If any question or subquestion value does not meet the validation requirements, the background colour of the text entry field will be changed to red so that users can easily see which parts of the question need to be corrected. Thus, you can do on-page validation. In this way you will not need to wait for the user to click on the submit button to validate the respective question.

Gültige Werte

  • Jeder gültige reguläre Ausdruck

Example


Display

Answer width (answer_width)

Beschreibung

This value sets the answer column width by using a percentage system. For example, if you type in this field 40, then 40 percent of the width of the question will be used for answers. The remaining width will be equally divided between the subquestions.

Valid values

  • Any integer value from 1 to 100.


Hide tip (hide_tip)

Description

Most questions will usually include a tip that says "Please choose one of the following options" or a hint text on how to fill out the question. This attribute allows you to turn off or on this tips/hints.

These tips/hints include validation criteria messages (such as min/max number of answers, min/max/equals sum value). If hide_tip is enabled, these messages will be hidden. However, if the user enters invalid data, the tips will appear. They will be coloured in red, getting changed to green once the validation criteria are met.

Available options

  • On - the tips/hints are hidden;
  • Off (default).


Get order from previous question (get_order_previous_q)

Description

This function is used when you want to keep the order of the subquestions from a previous question the same. This is useful if that question has the randomization option enabled.

Valid values

  • Any question code


Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎français • ‎日本語 • ‎Nederlands • ‎slovenščina

<onlyinclude>

Zufällige Antwortreihenfolge (random_order)

Beschreibung

Dieses Einstellung bewirkt, dass LimeSurvey die bestehende Reihenfolge der Antworten/Teilfragen dieser Frage ignoriert und durch eine zufällige Anordnung ersetzt. Die Anordnung der Antworten zu einer Frage wird momentan auch bei jedem Zurück- oder Vor-Navigieren vertauscht. Wenn ein Benutzer den Fragebogen durchgeht, findet er die also die Antworten nie in derselben Reihenfolge vor. Durch eine zufällige Verteilung soll gewährleistet werden, dass Benutzer keine Neigung/Tendenz zu einzelnen Antworten entwickeln können. Setzen Sie dies auf 'An' um es zu aktivieren. Bitte beachten Sie, dass wenn eine Frage Teilfragen hat, dann werden die Teilfragen randomisiert, nicht die Antwortoptionen.

Verfügbare Optionen

  • Bei jedem Laden der Seite neu setzen
  • Aus (Standard)

Example

See this example (outside link) to better understand how to use different LimeSurvey randomization features.


Text input box size (input_box_size)

Notice.png
Hint: This features is available starting in version 3.0.0


Description

This function allows you to set the size of the text area (the text input box). By default, LimeSurvey forces the input box to be displayed with a default size. This can be overridden by making use of this function.

Help.png To move the box on the next line, you need to increase the size of the wrapper. To do so, increase the value of the text input width attribute.

Valid values

  • Any numeric value



Reverse answer order (reverse)

Description

If activated, the order of the answers will be reversed.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)

Example

Let's assume that you want to use an Array (Numbers) question type. If this option is disabled (default value), then the possible answers a survey participant can select are: "1, 2, 3, ... , 10". If enabled, the setting will reverse the order of the available answers: "10, 9, 8, ... , 1".


QS:Multiflexible checkbox/de


Repeat headers (repeat_headers)

Description

This option can be used if you add to a question a high number of subquestions. If this is the case, use this option in order to tell LimeSurvey after how many subquestions should the headers be repeated.

Valid values

  • Any integer values;
  • The default value is 0 - the repeat headers function is deactivated.


Question theme (question_theme)

Description

It allows you to use customized themes for the respective question.

Available options

  • Your created question themes which are located under the Question themes in the Themes panel.
Help.png Note: This feature is under development at the moment.


Always hide this question (hidden)

Description

If enabled, the question will always be hidden - it will not be displayed to the survey participants. This function can be used in the following scenarios:

  • If you wish to prefill a question with a URL and you want not to have it displayed on the screen. This overrides any conditions used within the survey because the respective question will not even be embedded on the page.
  • If you wish to store or calculate a value on the fly via the Expression Manager.
Help.png Note: A common question type that is used with this function is the Equation one.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)


CSS class (css_class)

Description

If you want to add special CSS classes to certain questions, you can enter the CSS class name(s) in this box. Make sure you leave an empty space between different class names.

Valid values

  • Any text string with a space between different CSS class names.
Notice.png
Hint: You can also insert an expression in this box (New in 3.0.0 ). Remember that the output of the expression will not be updated dynamically.


Important.png
According to the W3C, CSS class names can contain only the characters [a-zA-Z, and 0-9] and ISO 10646 characters U+00A1 and higher, plus the hyphen (-) and the underscore (_). They cannot start with a digit, or a hyphen followed by a digit. LimeSurvey encodes CSS classes, but it does not fix it totally.


QS:Multiflexible min/de


Text inputs (input_boxes)

Description

It is available only for the Array (Numbers) question type.

The answer has to be typed within a text box if this option is enabled. The step value will not be used. The respondents can submit a numerical value as answer.

The minimum and maximum values can also be set up from the question display options.

Otherwise, the survey participants will have to choose from a dropdown list the answer option to the question.

Available options

  • On - the input box is used
  • Off (default) - the dropdown list is used


QS:Multiflexible step/de

QS:Multiflexible max/de


Relevance help for printable survey (printable_survey_relevance_help)

Description

If you wish to print a survey, you can also print the relevance equations for each question. But, if you wish to offer instead an explanation rather than the expression on the printed form, fill in this box with the text explanation for the relevance equation.

Valid values

  • Any text and/or numbers you wish to be displayed on the printable form.


Input

Input maximum characters (input_max_characters)

Description

The following option allows you to type in a numerical value that will represent the maximum number of characters that can be entered by the survey respondents in the answer text box(es) of the respective question.

Valid values

  • Any numerical value

Example

  • If you wish the survey participants to type in a short and concise answer, introduce within the input maximum characters field a small number (e.g., 10-15).


Logic

Minimum answers (min_answers)

Beschreibung

This function can be used to ensure that a user selects at least a certain number of answers in a multiple choice question.

Valid values

  • Any integer value above 0
  • Any number
  • Any SGQA code
  • Any question code (variable name)
  • Any equation, using Expression Manager syntax, without surrounding curly braces.

Beispiel

If set to X (a random number), the users can submit the survey form if they select at least X checkboxes. If this option is utilised for ranking questions, this ensures that at least three items are ranked before allowing the respondent to submit the answers/survey.

Help.png Please note that if you use this attribute with Ranking questions, you have to set the question to non-mandatory. Otherwise, all the items need to be ranked which is counter-intuitive if you decide to use the min_answers function too.



Maximale Antworten (max_answers)

Beschreibung

It can be used to limit the total number of answers a user can select in a multiple choice question.

Valid values

  • Any number value
  • Any SGQA code
  • Any question code (variable name)
  • Any equation, using Expression Manager syntax, without surrounding curly braces.

Beispiel

If set to 2, the user will only be able to check at most two checkboxes or one checkbox + fill the "Other" field (if any). For the Ranking question type, the participant would be able to select maximum two items.



Matrix Filter (array_filter)

Beschreibung

The Array filter setting allows you to use any multiple choice question to select or set which responses are displayed in a subsequent list, array or multiple choice question.

The subsequent questions can be filtered on any array question type, including:
  • Multiple choice
  • Multiple choice with comments
  • Multiple short text
  • Multiple numeric
  • Array (5 point, 10 point, Yes/No/Unknown, Increase/Same/Decrease, Column)
  • Array (Dual Scale, Text, Numbers)
  • Ranking

Furthermore, each of these question types can be filtered.

The only exception is Array (Column), which can filter other questions, but not itself.

How to set a filter

To set a filter, enter the question code of a multiple options question in the array filter box of the question you are currently editing. The respective question will be used as the source of information for the current question, the selected answers from the previous question being retrieved and used as answer options for the current question. For example, if your source multiple option question code is "Q1", enter "Q1" into the 'Array Filter' box to start the filtering process of the answers. Only the answer options that are selected in question Q1 will be visible in the array_filter-ed question.

If you wish more questions to be filtered via this option, type the question codes in the box separated by semicolons (;).
Important.png
The subquestion codes used in the first question must coincide with the subquestion codes from the second one. Otherwise, the array filter function will not filter the answers to the first question. Check the below example to better understand how the whole system works.

Kaskadierung

The selected options can be displayed in cascade. This means that you can select a question which filters another question, which filters another question, and so on.

Matrix Filter Beispiel

Let's take a look at the following example to better understand the power of this setting:


Array filter with multipe short text.jpg


In the screenshot from above, we got two questions. The first one is a multiple short text question type, while the second one is an array dual scale question type. The answers you provide in the first question will be listed in the second one. Technically, the answers you provide to the subquestions from the first question are filtered and displayed in the second question.

This example can be downloaded from the following link: limesurvey_group_32.lsg. Import this question group into your LimeSurvey installation.



Array exclusion filter (array_filter_exclude)

Beschreibung

The Array filter exclusion setting allows you to use any multiple choice question to select or set which responses are NOT displayed in a subsequent list, array or multiple choice question.

The subsequent questions can be filtered on any array question type, including:
  • Multiple choice
  • Multiple choice with comments
  • Multiple short text
  • Multiple numeric
  • Array (5 point, 10 point, Yes/No/Unknown, Increase/Same/Decrease, By column)
  • Array (Dual Scale, Text, Numbers)
  • Ranking

Außerdem kann jeder dieser Fragetypen an sich gefiltert werden.

The only exception is Array by column which can filter other questions, but it cannot be filtered.

How to set it up

Enter the question code of a multiple options question in the array exclusion filter box of the question you are currently editing. The respective question will be used as the source of information for the current question, the non-selected answers from the previous question being retrieved and used as answer options for the current question. For example, if your source multiple option question code is "Q1", enter "Q1" into the 'Array exclusion filter' box to start the filtering process of the answers. Only the answer options that are NOT selected in question Q1 will be visible in your question.

If you wish more questions to be filtered via this option, type the question codes in the box separated by semicolons (;).
Important.png
The subquestion codes used in the first question must coincide with the subquestion codes from the second one. Otherwise, the array exclusion filter function will not filter the answers to the first question. Check the below example to better understand how the whole system works.

Cascading

The selected options can be displayed in cascade. This means that you can select a question which filters another question, which filters another question, and so on.

Beispiel

Let's see together the below example:


Example array filter exclude.png


In the screenshot from above, we got two questions. The first one is a multiple choice question type, while the second one is a multiple choice with comments question type. The answers you provide in the first question will be excluded from the second one. For example, if you select the ComfortUpdate option (that has the subquestion code 'SQ1') and the Plugin option ('SQ4'), the 'SQ1' and the 'SQ4' subquestion correspondents from the second question will be excluded. In our screenshot, we can observe that only the unselected options in the first question and displayed in the second one.

This example can be downloaded from the following link: Limesurvey_group_array_filter_exclude.zip. Import this question group into your LimeSurvey installation.



Array filter style (array_filter_style)

Description

This function allows you to choose how the array filtered subquestions are displayed. They can either be "hidden" or "disabled".

Help.png To learn how to filter subquestions, please read the following wiki section.

Available options

  • Hidden (default) - if this option is selected, then the previously selected subquestions will not be displayed in the second question.
  • Disabled - if this option is selected, then the previously selected subquestions will be greyed out and become unselectable.

Example

If you wish to use the "disabled" option, then the previously selected subquestions will be displayed like this:

Array filter style disabled.png



Randomization group name (random_group)

Description

It places the questions into a specified randomization group, all questions included in the specified group being displayed in a random order to the survey respondents.

You can find a sample survey using randomization group name in Expression Manager sample survey.

Valid values

Just enter any string you like (for example: 'group1'). All question which have set the same string within the randomization group name box will have their place in the survey randomized (=randomly exchanged among each other).



Validierungsgleichung für die ganze Frage (em_validation_q)


Beschreibung

This is an equation that is used to validate the entire question (e.g, all of its parts collectively for a multi-answer question). If the question fails the validation criteria, then em_validation_q_tip message will be displayed (it uses the CSS style .error). This tip uses the .em_q_fn_validation CSS style, which is hidden by default within template.css.

The main difference between this feature and the subquestion validation equations (em_validation_sq option) is that for this feature, if the question (or question parts) fail validation, then an error message could be shown. For the subquestion validation, each text entry cell (e.g., in an array question type, but it can also be applied to single entry question types) will be styled so that the background color is (light) red.

Valid values

  • Any equation that makes use of the Expression Manager syntax, without surrounding curly braces.

Example

  • You want to collect demographic information from users via a multiple short text question, and you want to validate that the user has entered a valid email address and phone number.

This example shows how the question looks with invalid answers:

Validation-invalid-both.jpg

And here is what it looks like with one invalid answer:

Validation-invalid-phone.jpg

Here is how you edit a question to enter that information:

Validation-gui.jpg

And here is part of the Show Logic File output that lets you check the accuracy of your expression and ensure that there are no syntax errors:

Validation-logic.jpg

As you can see, the validation equation tests that both the email and phone number are either empty or match a regular expression filter.

The validation tip only shows the warning message if the phone or email appears invalid.

Notice.png
Hint: In order to create complex validation messages, read about the usage of the Expression Manager.


If you wish to import the example from above into your LimeSurvey installation, download the following .lsq file: Em_validation_q_example.zip.

Notice.png
Hint: Remember, LimeSuvey uses the Perl syntax for regular expressions, so they should start and end with / (slash character)!


QS:Em validation q tip/de

QS:Em validation sq/de

QS:Em validation sq tip/de


Other

Insert page break in printable view (page_break)

Beschreibung

This attribute is only active when you actually print a survey from the Printable View. It forces a page break before the question.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)



SPSS Export Skalentyp (scale_export)

Beschreibung

This is used for SPSS export only. This attribute overrides the default scale guessed by SPSS. To learn what the different measurement scales do, please read the related SPSS documentation.

Available options

  • Default (default)
  • Nominal
  • Ordinal
  • Scale


Statistics

Zeige in öffentlicher Statistik (public_statistics)

Beschreibung

This attribute allows the survey administrator to chose if a particular question results should be displayed to the survey participants after they submitted the survey.

Help.png Note: To have the statistics displayed on the last page, do not forget to enable this functionality from the presentation & navigation settings. Otherwise, no statistics link will be displayed at the end of your survey.

The default setting for each question is 'Off' (=Do not show the question statistics to the respondents). You have to enable this for every single question if you want to show the survey statistics of that (those) particular question(s) to the survey participants after the survey submission.

Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)



Display chart (display_chart)

Description

This attribute allows the survey administrator to choose if a chart that contains the question results should be displayed to the survey participants after they filled out the survey.

Help.png Note: To have the chart displayed on the last page, you have to enable the following options:


Available options

  • On
  • Off (default)



Chart type (chart_type)

Description

This attribute allows the survey administrator to choose which type of chart will be displayed to the respondent once he/she finished filling out the survey.

Help.png Note: Do not forget to change the question and survey settings in order to have the charts displayed at the end on the survey. For more details, check the wiki section on the display chart question attribute.

Available options

  • Bar chart
  • Pie chart
  • Radar
  • Line
  • PolarArea
  • Doughnut